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用卡尔费休法检测有机酸中的水分需要注意的问题

内容摘要:卡尔费休法检测有机酸中的水分 羧酸中的水分测定通常没有问题,强酸在滴定前必须先中和(如加入咪唑),避免卡氏系统PH太低。 醋酸、氯乙酸、二氯乙酸、三氯乙酸和溴乙酸会发生酯化-生成水。这类酸用醛酮用容量法卡氏滴定。 大部分有机酸可用卡尔费休容量法或卡尔费休库伦电量法测定-除了丙酸,在库仑法分析中会发生明显的酯化反应。碳链越长,酯化趋势越大。在室温下,长链羧酸/脂肪酸在甲醇中不能有效溶解。可以升高温度改善溶解性,或加入增溶剂,这类样品如硬脂酸和棕榈酸。

卡尔费休法检测有机酸中的水分

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